Everyone understands the importance of a solid foundation in any construction project. This fact about a solid foundation is so widely known that people use it as a metaphor for reliability in various contexts. For example, you speak about partnerships requiring a firm basis of trust or about a person having fundamental knowledge in a specific topic serving as a foundation for future study. Even the early schooling years of your children get referred to as the foundation years. Similarly, the first phase of every building project is to establish a solid foundation. It is an essential component that will influence how long the structure will last and how resistant it will be to damage.
What exactly is a Foundation?
A foundation is the lowest construction section, sitting between the building and the earth. The foundation must be strong and sturdy enough to support the whole weight of the structure since it spreads the load from the building to the ground.
What is the meaning of RCC Concrete?
RCC is an abbreviation for reinforced cement concrete, a composite material composed of concrete and steel reinforcement. Concrete, on its own, is known to be weak in tension yet robust in compression. As a result, steel reinforcement is added to concrete to increase its tensile strength. Reinforced Concrete is a mix of concrete and steel reinforcement cast into one piece and works as a monolithic element. The combined qualities of concrete and reinforced steel make them an ideal pair for usage as a primary construction material.
Benefits of Reinforced Cement Concrete?
- Comparatively speaking, reinforced concrete outperforms other construction materials in compressive and tensile strength.
- RCC structures are more resilient than other structures.
- Before the mix hardens, reinforced concrete may be moulded into any form.
- RCC structures are durable and need little upkeep.
- RCC constructions are more fire-resistant than just steel ones.
- Compared to the construction of steel structures, RCC buildings need less skilled people.
Types of Foundation –
It is necessary to create different foundations for different buildings, each tailored to the structure and soil specifics. There are two distinct categories of foundations:
- Shallow Foundation – This foundation has a maximum depth of 1-1.5m.
- Deep foundations – These types of foundations are often created for depths more than 3m and up to 65m.
Importance of RCC Foundation in the construction of buildings –
1) Increasing Support:
The foundation is what supports the weight of the whole building and maintains its level. It should be able to sustain both live and dead loads to avoid cracking or buckling. The structure may become unstable or possibly collapse if the foundation malfunctions or collapses at any moment. Pouring concrete is just one part of laying a foundation; it must also be appropriately shaped and stitched into the ground. It should be compacted as required to provide load bearing.
2) Prevents Storm Damage:
A foundation not only supports the structure and can support enormous loads but also works as a stabilising force against side-to-side or lateral motions. It must be sturdy enough to endure adverse weather conditions that might damage the structure, such as storms, torrential rain, and powerful winds. This consideration would be entirely incorrect, even if we assumed that a regular brick structure would be durable enough to survive for years. A strong foundation gives an infrastructure the durability to endure years of abuse. Therefore, you must make more investments to create a structure you can pass down through the generations.
3) Insulation is Provided:
Since hot air usually rises, we may assume that the lack of insulation on your building’s roof is the cause of heat loss during the winter. This assumption is why many utilise attic hatches with enough insulation. However, some people are unaware that heat may be lost when touching cooler objects like the ground. Building a solid foundation is the best course of action if you want to avoid this since reinforced concrete may act as an adequate cushion. Additionally, the building’s insulation may assist in shielding the wood structures from damage and decay caused by ground moisture.
4) Aids in Preventing Compounding Defects:
A solid foundation is crucial since it outlines how the remainder of the structure will get constructed. For instance, if a foundation offers an uneven surface for construction, this will only be accentuated and made worse as the building continues to rise. Furthermore, a foundation’s shortcomings have a cascading impact on the rest of the building’s components; without a solid foundation, the base, support beams, and walls will collapse. Compounding faults refer to the deterioration of a building’s structural integrity caused by the development of its construction from a subpar base. Essentially, it is a warning that the structure will collapse due to problems brought on by a poor foundation which is not resolvable during construction.
5) Safeguards Against Settling/Sinking:
The structure’s protection against settlement as it slowly begins to sink over time is one of the main goals of creating a foundation. Therefore, the construction of the foundation’s form and structure is to withstand settlements greater than what is permitted by the area’s soil conditions.
6) Prevents Flooding of the Building:
Flooding may be bad news for your structure’s stability if it is in a flood-prone location. However, a strong foundation can guarantee that your foundation will survive even if water seeps through the building structures on your land. In addition, the receding water will aid in maintaining your structural integrity and even strengthen it further.
Because of their longevity, strength, cheap cost, and many other advantages, RCC structures have become the universal standard in the construction business. Reinforced concrete is used in construction because it can work with steel to bear substantial loads. Combining the steel’s tensile strength and the concrete’s compressive strength results in a sturdy structure that can resist significant pressure for a very long period. Familiarity with the significance of foundations and how they affect building design is crucial for everybody to understand.